“Panda” and “Panda bear” reroute below. For other usages, see Panda (disambiguation), Large panda (disambiguation), Panda Bear (musician), PANDAS, and pandas (software program).
The gigantic panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca; Chinese: 大熊猫; pinyin: dàxióngmāo), likewise referred to as the panda bear or just the panda, is a bear belonging to southern main China. It is qualified by big, black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. The name “gigantic panda” is occasionally used to differentiate it from the red panda, a surrounding mustelid. Though it comes from the order Carnivora, the giant panda is a folivore, with bamboo fires and leaves comprising greater than 99% of its diet plan. Large pandas in the wild will sometimes consume various other yards, wild bulbs, or even meat in the form of birds, rats, or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with particularly prepared food.
The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, primarily in Sichuan, yet likewise in neighbouring Shaanxi and Gansu. As a result of farming, logging, and other development, the large panda has actually been eliminated of the lowland areas where it as soon as lived, and also it is a conservation-reliant prone varieties. A 2007 report showed 239 pandas residing in bondage inside China as well as another 27 outside the nation. Since December 2014, 49 giant pandas resided in bondage outside China, staying in 18 zoos in 13 different countries. Wild population quotes differ; one estimate reveals that there are about 1,590 individuals living in the wild, while a 2006 study using DNA evaluation approximated that this number could be as high as 2,000 to 3,000. Some records additionally show that the number of gigantic pandas in the wild is on the rise. In March 2015, conservation news website Mongabay mentioned that the wild huge panda population had actually boosted by 268, or 16.8%, to 1,864. In 2016, the IUCN reclassified the types from “endangered” to “susceptible”.
While the dragon has actually typically served as China’s national icon, internationally the large panda has frequently loaded this role. As such, it is becoming commonly used within China in worldwide contexts, as an example, appearing because 1982 on gold panda bullion coins and as one of the five Fuwa mascots of the Beijing Olympics.