The Titanic is the most legendary ship in history because of the scale of project, it was a reflection of the injustices of 20th century and its tragic fate. Titanic is famous because of its biggest maritime disaster in history. It is a source of fascination for history enthusiasts and generations to come. Science has uncovered some of its mysteries when its wreck was discovered in 1985.
A major British shipping company, White Star Line decided in early 20th century that it would build the biggest and prestigious passenger ship of the world – RMS Titanic. Its construction began at the Harland and Wolf naval construction site in 1909 and Thomas Andrews was in charge of the design.
The Titanic was an enormous and the biggest ship ever built at that time. It came towards the end of the steam engine era. Its length was over 880 feet and weighed over 46000 tons. It had a passenger space of 3547 people. The ship dazzled others because of its luxury and sheer size. The engineers of Titanic took pride in building a mighty ship that would take passengers across the Atlantic with style.
Life on board Titanic
White Star Line had designed the most luxurious liner to accommodate wealthy first class passengers. The facilities were very vast including a top quality restaurant, sports center and a swimming pool. The second class passengers had common conditions for travelling and the third class passengers simply boarded to reach the other side.
Inaugural Journey and Sinking
The ill fated Titanic met its tragic ending during its first and only journey. It started on 10 April 1912 from Southampton and was to end at the New York. The ship was carrying 2228 people from all walks of life, social background and nationalities. An experienced British captain, Edward John Smith was in charge of the ship. Titanic’s inaugural voyage drew a host of English and American celebrities and businessmen.
Titanic sank on the night of 14 April 1912 four days after it sailed when it struck an iceberg and its floating parts gradually filled with water until it started sinking. Titanic took almost three hours for Titanic to become completely submerged. The lack of preparation and poor decisions resulted in deaths of 1522 out of the 2228 people present on board.
The biggest cause of the tragedy was the lack of lifeboats with the priority for first class passengers during evacuation. White Star Line had amazingly not equipped the ship with more than 16 lifeboats which could only carry 1178 passengers. They were also underused and only rescued about 700 passengers while the rest died in the freezing waters.